Tuesday, December 15, 2015

Knoxville OHV Area - Hidden Off-Road Gem

Vista on Ridge Trail

QWR just finished a post-Jerusalem Fire field review of the BLM’s Knoxville OHV Area located about 13 miles east of Lower Lake, California.  This remote low elevation 17,700 acre riding area has a good mix of easy roads for beginners and some very challenging OHV trails that will test the ability of even the most experienced rider.

Entrance to Red Elephant Mine Trail

One of those black diamond dirt-bike routes is the Red Elephant Mine Trail.  This is an 8-mile long trail that traverses some steep terrain.  It also presents the rider with some rocky downhills, tight switchbacks, and several rock gardens. 

Rock Garden on Elephant Mine Trail

Since most of the trails are south facing with reduced vegetative cover (thanks to the Jerusalem Fire), the trails are dried out enough for riders to enjoy within 1-2 days of an average rain event.

Use Caution When Trail Riding in Burn Area

The BLM has an ongoing resource protection program and is in the process of updating the areas’ travel management prescriptions.

Road/Trail Barriers to Protect Resources

The North Staging Area is convenient for day riders who want to explore the trail network.  It has a vault toilet and ample parking for a number of trucks.  Hunting Creek Campground is the southern staging and campground area.  It has several campsites and a vault toilet.

Hunters Creek Campground

QWR suggests that experienced riders recon the area before bringing up beginners and/or small groups.  This is a great area for winter riding when higher elevation trails on other units are closed due to snow or wet weather.

Engineered Trail from Hunters Creek Campground

QWR is excited about this area because it also has the potential to provide some excellent adventure/dual-sport opportunities for riders who want to explore this portion of the Berryessa-Snow Mountain National Monument.

Link to Knoxville OHV Area

Monday, November 23, 2015

QWR/Partners Launch New OSV Trail Stewardship Module for 2016

Cal Custom Trailers/Powersports, Trevor Messersmith (L), and QWR's
Don Amador (R), Partner-Up for OSV Recreation in 2016 

As the snow begins to fly in California and the West, QWR wants to thank Polaris, Klim, and California Custom Trailers and Power Sports for their generous support in helping us launch our official OSV trail stewardship module for the 2015/2016 winter riding season.

OSV-based recreation brings an important economic benefit to many rural areas and supports local dealerships and the jobs they create.   According to the International Snowmobile Manufacturers Association, OSVs contribute $26 billion annually in the United States.   Over 100,000 full time jobs are generated by the snowmobile industry in North America. Those jobs are involved in manufacturing, dealerships and tourism related businesses.

Having an OSV module will allow QWR to continue its efforts to represent our partners and clients in various federal and state OSV planning or legislative efforts.  Such initiatives include the Forest Service Subpart C OSV Travel Planning Process, reauthorization of the CA OHMVR Program, and promotion of the SAE J2567 OSV sound standard for field level enforcement.

Feb. 2015 Field Trip/Trail Review
Stanislaus NF

 In 2013, the New York State Snowmobile Association supported a new state OSV sound law based on SAE J2567.  That measure was enacted because some private property owners were closing trails due to excessively loud snowmobiles.  The New York law mirrors similar legislation in Michigan, Wisconsin, and Colorado. QWR believes the SAE J2567 OSV sound standard in California would complement the current 96dBA sound law for OHVs.

Being proactive in the development of new recreation “tools” (such as reasonable sound laws) is a smart practice and recreationists should embrace these management implements for use in their land-use tool box.

OSV Travel Information Signs
Stanislaus NF

Don Amador, President of Quiet Warrior Racing, states, “The OSV manufacturers have done an excellent job of producing sleds that are sound compliant with low emissions.  I think it is important for law enforcement to have the J2567 sound law in their tool box so they can address riders who have modified their exhaust with excessively loud pipes that create user conflicts and lay the groundwork for potential closures.”

“Adoption of J2567 in California and other states without an OSV sound field test makes good sense and will help keep trails and riding areas open for future generations,” Amador concludes.

Just a quick reminder that California’s Seasonal SNO-PARK permits are available for purchase online. This online service allows visitors an easy and convenient way to purchase SNO-PARK permits.   Permits are required from November 1, 2015 to May 30, 2016.


QWR looks forward to getting out in the field with OSV-related agency staff, users, law enforcement, dealers, and rental businesses to review travel plans, resource issues, management prescriptions, and solutions.  Hope to see many of you out on the trail.

Monday, November 2, 2015

Include Trail Specialists in Agency Planning Efforts

Tillamook State Forest Trail Project

Tillamook State Forest OHV program managers highlight the important role that trail specialists have in recreation, resource, and vegetation project planning, development, and implementation.  These holistic concepts were presented by State Forest staff at the 2015 NOHVCC Annual Conference held in Folsom, California.

The Tillamook State Forest is over 350,000 acres and is located about 30 miles west of Portland, Oregon. It contains the Browns Camp, Jordan Creek and Diamond Mill OHV Areas with approximately 250 miles of routes for dirt-bike, ATV, SxS, and 4WD recreationists.

Logging Operation on Forest Service Land

This is an actively managed unit with ongoing logging operations, forest health/fuel reduction projects, and road/trail maintenance.

Shaded Fuel Break Forest Health Project

The OHV recreation staff leads are also engaged with local user groups and clubs since private sector volunteerism is critical to the success of the area.  Volunteers help clear trails of downed trees and provide a work force to assist agency staff with important trail maintenance projects.  Volunteers provide comments on recreation/forest health projects and also show up to county government meetings to show political support for the area.

Half Culvert on FS System Trail

QWR believes that federal and state agencies should include their trail specialists in any planning effort that might impact recreation facilities such as designated system trails, campgrounds, and staging areas.

Today’s system trail network is comprised of routes with engineered soil/water control structures such as rolling dips, half culverts, and sediment catch basins.  These system trails often represent a significant construction or reconstruction investment of taxpayer or user generated funds that can range from $10 to $40 thousand dollars per mile.

Rolling Dip on BLM 4WD Route

Without substantive input from trail specialists, QWR believes these recreation facilities could be impacted by resource activities related to initial wildfire attack, post-wildfire restoration, fuel reduction, timber projects, and vegetation treatments.   Trail management staff should also be part of any programmatic planning efforts related to Forest Plans or Resource Management Plans.

Rock Catch Basin on Rubicon Trail

 With all agency disciplines working together in a collaborative manner, both the protection of our recreation assets and resource values will be ensured.

Thursday, October 1, 2015

OHV Signs in Spanish are Important Outreach to Latino Community

TMR Sign in Spanish

QWR wants to commend the Stanislaus National Forest for its outreach to the Latino community via bilingual travel management signs located strategically throughout the unit.

As you know, QWR believes a quality signing and information program conveys the agency’s commitment to resource protection, management of recreation facilities, and public access to a high value outdoor experience.

Forest Health Project Information in Spanish

An American Trails 2009 article: Changing demographics and reaching new visitors to National Forests in California, states, “… By 2020, Latinos will be the largest percentage [in California] of every age group except for senior adults.”  It also recommends that translated materials should be provided in Spanish whenever possible (especially in forests with Latino visitor populations).

Link to Article

Diana Perez, an elected member of the Latino community and member of the California Off-Highway Motor Vehicle Recreation Commission, states, “Communication with our off-road riders is the key to access and responsible riding.  When we focus on bilingual signage we are better serving our growing Latino enthusiasts.  This creates a better experience not only for off-roaders but for other users.  By implementing bilingual signage we are setting the highest standard on compliance and becoming the trendsetters in state.”

Del Albright, President of Albright Enterprises, states, “I am thankful I have a working knowledge of Spanish because in all my extensive off-road travels throughout the southwest, it has become obvious that the Latino community has fully discovered the joy of motorized recreation and need bi-lingual signage to ensure a safe and fun time for all.”

QWR agrees with Commissioner Perez and Albright on the importance of outreach to the Latino outdoor community.  We also believe that land agencies should consider posting bi-lingual travel management signs where appropriate and publishing related land ethic materials based on visitor demographics.

Sunday, September 27, 2015

Partnerships are "The Catalyst" in Managed Recreation Programs

Having just returned back to the office from the California State Park Off-Highway Vehicle Recreation Commission meeting held in the Mammoth Lakes area of the Eastern Sierra, QWR wanted to share with you the recent edition of The Catalyst, the newsletter for the Interpretation of California State Parks.

This issue covers a lot of exciting activities in the CA State Park System including “Earthsnorkeling,” interpretive geocaching, storm water management, junior lifeguards, access for Wounded Warriors, and partnerships.

Vol. 16, No. 1 – The Catalyst

QWR’s, Don Amador, wrote the following “partnership” article for the issue and it can be found on page 20.  Please feel free to check out The Catalyst and share it with your friends.


Maybe the single most important factor in modern OHV recreation is the use of diverse partnerships as a synergistic force multiplier when it comes to the management of motorized use on designated roads, trails, and riding areas.

New Sign Installed by Volunteers in Partnership with
the BLM's Bishop Field Office and OHMVRD

Today, partnerships are a core element of any successful local, state, or federal OHV program.  In 2015, OHV management is not just about getting a few riders together to build a trail.  Rather, it is a holistic approach on a site level that addresses diverse trail-related projects, including forest health, soil loss, water quality, education, law enforcement, fuel reduction, signing, trail maintenance, trail construction or reconstruction, and habitat restoration.

Local Conservation Group works on Restoration Project to Enhance
Watershed Protection at Popular OHV Campground on Inyo National Forest

The Power Sports Industry has stepped up to the plate with grant programs such as the Motorcycle
Industry Council’s RightRider Access Fund, Yamaha’s OHV Access Initiative Grant Program, and the Polaris T.R.A.I.L.S. Grant Program.

Many states have an OHV grant program to help support the efforts of local and federal land agencies to offer the public high-quality and environmentally sound OHV recreational opportunities.

For example, California State Park’s OHMVR Division has a grant program that supports county and federal OHV recreation programs throughout the state. Those funds go to help with trail maintenance, trail construction, soil loss mitigation, habitat restoration, law enforcement, and safety education.

OHV recreation on public lands has evolved into a highly complex and diverse, partnership-related
“systems approach” concept. It is important to highlight those partnerships to illustrate the evolution of managed motorized trail opportunities. Recently, I was privileged to do an area review of just such an effort.

The Western Shasta Resource Conservation District (RCD) and the Bureau of Land Management recently entered into a ten-year stewardship agreement to cooperatively manage the Chappie-Shasta OHV Area. RCD and the BLM are focused on projects related to road and trail maintenance, forest health improvement, fuel reduction, education and outreach and other efforts. For example, trail-armoring projects are being implemented because of this partnership.

OHV "Partnership" Bridge Installed to Protect Watershed
at BLM's Chappie-Shasta OHV Area

The aforementioned RCD/BLM agreement acts as a force multiplier when combined with this
unit’s long-standing partnership with California’s OHMVR Division and Commission.

This is a good case study of how a comprehensive “many-hands/partners” approach to OHV trail and
resource management is working in a synergistic manner to protect our natural environment

while providing high-quality motorized trail opportunities.

# # # 

Tuesday, September 22, 2015

Registration/Agenda for 2015 NOHVCC Annual Conf. Oct. 27-31 in Sacramento, CA

QWR is proud to be attending the 2015 NOHVCC Conference in the Sacramento area this year.  The dates for the 2015 Annual NOHVCC and INOHVAA Joint Conference are Oct 27 – 31.

NOHVCC has moved the conference back to California, the State in which the first conference was held.  They have lined up the mobile workshop to be at the Prairie City SVRA, which is the site of the Hangtown Pro-motocross track.  To add even more value to the conference this year, in addition to the NOHVCC and INOHVAA conference sessions, the All-Quad Council of Canada (AQCC) and the California OHV Commission will be meeting just prior to the conference start.  All this means great networking opportunities for you. There will be training modules for ATVs, Dirt-Bikes, and SxS.

Knowing that many agency recreation staff are on tight budgets, QWR has worked with the OHV Division to allow for agency staff who cannot afford the hotel ($95/night/govt. rate) to camp out either in a tent or RV at Prairie City SVRA.   If you plan to camp at the SVRA, please RSVP to Jeanne Sisson with dates you plan to camp to:

Link to Prairie City SVRA

OHMVRD - Jeanne Sisson - Jeanne.Sisson@parks.ca.gov

Here is the Conf. Overview/Registration

Here is Conf. Registration

This is a great learning and networking opportunity!  I hope to see many of you there.

Happy Trails,

Don Amador

Tuesday, September 8, 2015

Wildland/Urban Challenge - “Signs” of Agency Commitment to a Managed Trail System

Welcome to the Blackrock/Chinese Peak Trail System

QWR believes that how the user respects public lands is largely dependent on how the agency conveys its commitment to managing the resource.  

Trail Map at Entrance

That land-use message starts with how well the entrance or staging area facilities are maintained and continues with how the trails are signed.   Recreationists also look for how decommissioned or closed routes are identified and protected. 

TMR Prescriptions

Does the agency identify or sign restoration projects or special management designations such as “No Shooting Safety Zones” or “Wildfire/Wildlife Areas”?

Shooting Safety Zone

Are the camping areas and bathrooms clean?  Are the kiosks and information posters in good condition? 

Info on Preventing Wildfires

Is there evidence of trail maintenance such as installed water control structures (i.e. rolling dips, lead off trenches, sediment catch basins, etc.)?

While on a recent trip to Idaho, QWR had the opportunity to ride/tour the Blackrock/Chinese Peak Trail System managed by the BLM’s Pocatello Field Office.   This recreation area sits on the outskirts of Pocatello, Idaho.

View of Pocatello from Ridge Trail

QWR believes this unit is a good example of how to manage motorized and non-motorized recreation in a wildland/urban interface.  The BLM starts by welcoming users to the area via a well-kept staging area that contains important user information such as seasons of use, types of allowed trail activities, map of the trail system, and fire prevention recommendations.

Management of Closed Routes

The roads and trails are well signed.  Closed routes and illegal shortcuts are clearly marked and signed.

Well Signed OHV Route

Illegal dumping can be an issue on a public unit, but this area has addressed that via appropriate signing and installation of vehicle barriers.

No Dumping Sign and Barricades

The Blackrock Canyon restroom was clean.  The kiosk and information posters were in excellent condition and contained relevant information.

Clean SST and Well Maintained Kiosk

The 50-inch trails for motorcycles, MTBs, and ATVS were clearly identified.  Trails for larger vehicles were also well signed and maintained.

50 inch Trail 

To some extent, management challenges will always exist regardless of where the unit is.  However, QWR believes that the level of public cooperation and respect for the land is directly proportional to the agency’s visual and on-the-ground commitment to managing the resource for current and future generations.  

Monday, August 24, 2015

Tesla Fire Spares Carnegie SVRA Core Riding Area

Carnegie SVRA Currently Closed to OHV

QWR just got back from a quick recon of the Tesla Fire which burned about 2,700 acres in eastern Alameda County.  The fire started on August 19, 2015 and appears to have spread eastward onto the currently closed expansion property at Carnegie SVRA.  On August 22, CALFIRE stated the fire was 100% contained.

Carnegie SVRA Core Riding Area Spared

Viewing the landscape from the Tesla/Corral Hollow Road today, it appears that most of the trails and supporting infrastructure, including the Park’s Sector Office, at the 1,500 acre riding area was spared from the wildfire.

Looking West Past SVRA Work Yard to Alameda Hills

QWR believes that wildfires in Oak grasslands are an important part of the environmental equation.  Grassland fires can help with the control of insects and disease.  Oak trees in general are fire resistant and we believe a lot of them will return next year in a stronger state of health.

Looking East from SVRA Sector Office 

 QWR also believes that fire can often be a benefit on landscapes where trail design and layout is planned.   With the vegetative cover removed, it is easier to see the lay of the terrain and how a proposed route can be constructed to take advantage of natural features to reduce water runoff and soil erosion.

Entrance to Tesla Mine 

QWR urges riders to monitor the Carnegie SVRA website for updates on when the park will reopen.  There may also be post-fire rehabilitation efforts that need the help from trail volunteers.  Let’s be supportive of SVRA staff as they work to reopen the park as soon as possible.

Carnegie SVRA Website

With wildfires burning throughout the West, QWR wants us all to remember the fire crews out on the frontlines working tirelessly to protect life, property, and natural/cultural resources.

Thursday, August 20, 2015

Archeological Site Stewardship Training is Valuable Trail Tool

The evolution of a well-trained and multi-disciplined volunteer OHV trail workforce is both impressive and important.  In the 21st Century, it has become a critical tool and force-multiplier for land management agencies to utilize in taking care of recreation facilities.

In many areas, highways, roads, and OHV/OSV trails overlay historic routes used by Native Americans and early pioneers to travel cross-country or for trading goods and services.  Because of their history, these trails and nearby areas have significant archeological value.

Kyburz Petroglyph Open to the Public

Three good examples of historic pioneer routes are the world famous Rubicon Trail, the Mormon Emigrant Trail, and the Henness Pass (Kyburz) Trail.  Segments of said routes provide important OHV and/or OSV opportunities.


QWR believes that trail volunteers have an increasingly important role to play in assisting Forest Archeologists as stewards to monitor cultural sites.  Trail volunteers are equipped to travel long distances and can access remote archeological sites under supervision by the Forest Archeologist.

Recently, Don Amador took the California Archaeological Site Stewardship Program (CASSP) Volunteer Workshop held on the Eldorado National Forest.  QWR believes this training is important for engaged trail volunteers because it expands their ability to assist the agency in managing OHV recreation as it relates to protecting archeological resources.

The volunteer training is managed by CASSP.  It received a 2014/2015 grant from the California OHMVR Division because it is an innovative partnership program designed to assist federal land management agencies balance the statutory requirements to protect cultural resources with their responsibility to sustain long-term OHV opportunities on public lands.

Through services provided by CASSP volunteers, agencies have been able to maintain OHV opportunities that would have been restricted in order to protect cultural resources. CASSP training workshops and CASSP volunteers also help agencies to educate the public about environmental responsibility, safety, and respect for private property. CASSP has become a critical element in conserving significant historical and prehistoric cultural resources.

According to the grant application, CASSP workshops and volunteers enhance existing OHV opportunities in three ways: helping to keep trails open, improving the visitor experience by providing information about the prehistory and history, and increasing communication, education, and understanding among different groups.

Historically, the management response has often been to close trails or restrict OHV opportunities. By monitoring and protecting archaeological and historical resources, CASSP helps maintain a balance between protecting cultural sites and responsible OHV recreational use of trails and OHV areas. Also OHV site stewards serve as role models and inform other off-highway vehicle users to follow the designated trails, ride responsibly, and remember to ride safely. As a result, the cultural resources, agencies, and volunteers all benefit.

With intense wildfires burning out important trail areas on National Forests throughout California and the West, QWR believes that post-fire trail rehabilitation efforts lends import to the CASSP training since wildfires often burn vegetation or trail delineators that protect archeological and cultural sites. 
QWR looks forward to incorporating the CASSP training into its ongoing trail stewardship module.

Big thanks to all of you trail volunteers out there that are already doing a great job!  Also, helmets off to the CA OHMVR Division for funding this grant in partnership with Region 5, USDA Forest Service.

To find out more about the CASSP training go to:

# # #


Tuesday, August 18, 2015

REPORT - Mega Fires Gut FS Recreation (and other) Accounts

Only "We" Can Prevent Mega-Fires

QWR believes the August 4, 2015 report; The Rising Cost of Fire Operations: Effects on the Forest Service’s Non-Fire Work, gives OHV recreationists and other public land stakeholders an easy to understand explanation on how catastrophic mega-fires are burning through agency resources.

This report highlights how funds are diverted from important accounts that support road/trail maintenance, recreation facilities, restoration projects, forest planning efforts, and cultivation/utilization of partnerships as force multipliers.


On page 2, the report states that the depletion of non-fire programs to pay for the ever-increasing costs of fire has real implications, not only for the Forest Service’s restoration work that would help prevent catastrophic fires, but also for the protection of watersheds and cultural resources, upkeep of programs and infrastructure that support thousands of recreation jobs and billions of dollars of economic growth in rural communities, and support for the range of multiple uses, benefits and ecosystem services, as well as research, technical assistance, and other programs that deliver value to the American public.

Prescribed Fire is a Forest Management Tool

On pages 11/12, the report notes the decrease in funding resulting from increased fire costs has limited the agency’s ability to provide vital recreational opportunities on NFS lands, which jeopardizes the thousands of jobs that are part of a growing recreational economy.

Logging is a Forest Management Tool

The agency has been unable to more fully implement sustainable Recreation, Heritage, and Volunteer Services and Wilderness and Wild & Scenic Rivers programs to provide consistent, quality recreation opportunities to the public. Reductions in recreation funding have a direct impact on local economies
supported by these activities, including many small outfitter and guide businesses that depend on
recreation sites and programs on NFS lands. Additionally, the Forest Service’s ability to leverage funds and implement projects with partners and volunteers is constrained by the reductions in funding and staff, substantially affecting services.

A Shaded Fuel Break is a Forest Management Tool

The report concludes that Congress must address the way the agency pays for fighting wildfires by supporting legislation that treats mega-fires as natural disasters such as tornadoes or hurricanes.

QWR believes that approach is worthy of consideration, but falls short in addressing the underlying cause of these mega-fires and that is the agency’s inability to engage in substantive, robust, and multi-dimensional forest health projects.  The solution may be a combination of both concepts?

QWR welcomes comments, criticisms, or observations.  Use the comment box so others can benefit from your comments or send them directly to: damador@quietwarriorracing.com

Tuesday, August 11, 2015

Forest Supervisor Notes Import of Wildfire Impacted Roads and Trails

Dual-Sport/Adventure/SUV Route to the
Lassics Botanical Area on the Six Rivers NF
(Area Closed Due to the Lassic Fire which is part of the Mad River Fire Complex)

Both street-legal and non-street legal OHV recreation is impacted by wildfires.  Many of the lightning-sparked fires burning in California and elsewhere in the West have understandably resulted in the immediate closure of popular routes used by dirt-bikes, ATVs, dual-sports, SxSs, 4WDs, SUVs, and adventure bikes.

In the long-term, what is most important for recreationists is the closure period of the Forest Order related to a fire event.  Some Forests institute a mandatory one-year or longer closure order to all public entry.  On the other hand, some Forest Orders state the closure is in effect until… “the fire is declared out” or the “fire season has ended.” 

QWR commends the Six Rivers National Forest Supervisor, Merv George Jr., for his commitment to reopening roads and trails once safe conditions are restored.


“We recognize the impact these roads, trails and area closures have on the public and these decisions have not been made lightly. These closures are necessary for public safety and fire operations,” said Merv George Jr., forest supervisor. “Knowing your desire to get into some of these areas as soon as possible, we will work with the incident management team and local law enforcement to lift the closures when it can be done safely.”

Once again, QWR urges riders to check in with your local Forest Service or BLM office to find out what roads, trails, and areas are closed due to wildfires.  A link with updated info is listed below:


Stay safe!  Also, feel free to post comments on how things are going in your neck of the woods.

Knoxville OHV Staging Area

*QWR is concerned the Jerusalem Fire is headed for the BLM’s Knoxville OHV Area

Thursday, August 6, 2015

Wildfire Impacts Popular NW CA Coastal Mountain Adventure Routes

Dan East Trail - Closed
"It may not look like this after the fire"

The wildfires raging in California and the West are having a dramatic impact on natural resources, small businesses, private in-holders, fire crews, and recreationists.  In addition, these fires are occurring right in the middle of the adventure-bike and dual-sport riding season.

Many of these fires have resulted in the closure of very popular inland transportation corridors used by adventure riders to explore the backcountry in the Six Rivers National Forest.  

Forest Highway One

For example, the Route Complex Fire is burning through one of the only motorcycle-only OHV trail systems in the coastal mountain range in NW California.  The fire has resulted in the closure of Forest Highway One (Route 1) and many of the associated “Pilot Creek OHV” motorcycle, ATV, and 4WD roads/trails.

Route Complex Fire Footprint - 8.5.15

QWR urges the adventure/DS community to be sure and check for fire closures before starting off on any ride that includes traveling up the center of the Six Rivers NF between Mendocino County and the Oregon border.

Six Rivers NF Fire and Closure Update

While the impacts of the Route Complex and other fires have yet to be fully assessed, QWR believes that riders and/or clubs should ready themselves to help the agency with post-fire volunteer trail rehabilitation efforts.

Post Mill Fire Volunteer Work Party

QWR knows from experience that keeping post-fire trails open and maintained is a long-term project that will require dedication and a multi-year commitment by agency leadership, recreation staff, and a volunteer workforce.

Once the fires are out in your favorite area, be sure and contact the appropriate land agency and ask what you or your club can do to help with post-fire volunteer efforts.

Examples of Post Fire Volunteer/Partnership Efforts

2012 Mill Fire – Post Fire Trail Rehab – Trail Tools

2012 Mill Fire – Post Fire Trail Maint. – Hazard Trees