Don Amador on 2006 Pre-TMR Single-Track Motorcycle Trail
Tour of Six Rivers National Forest
Author: Don Amador
Date: May 12, 2014
Word Count: 847
*Permission to Reprint is Hereby Granted
POST TMR SINGLE TRACK MOTORCYCLE TRAIL REVIVAL NEEDED
Having been intimately involved in post-2005 Forest Service Travel Management Rule (TMR) Subpart B planning efforts in California and other Western States for the last 9 years, I am concerned about the loss of many, if not most, of our historic single-track motorcycle trails.
Designated Single Track Motorcycle Trail on Eldorado NF
In 2007, Bill Kresnick, compiled an article for the American Motorcyclist Association entitled: Vanishing Trails. Kresnick chronicled how the rigid timeline and/or lack of agency staff for TMR resulted in most legal and well-established (many had official FS markers or were on agency maps) single-track trails being excluded from the designation process.
Historic and Legal Pre-TMR Single-Track Motorcycle Trail
Closed by Shasta Trinity NF TMR Decision
Many Forests restricted their travel planning process to maintenance level 2 system roads that allowed use by non-street legal OHVs or maintenance level 1 roads that were managed as motorized trails. Historic and legal motorized single-track opportunities such as enduro trails, old pack-mule/mining or pioneer trails were simply eliminated from consideration due to time constraints.
Example of Single-Track Motorcycle Trail Experience on ML 1 Road
For example, in 2010 the Six Rivers National Forest issued a Record of Decision for travel management on the Mad River and Lower Trinity Ranger Districts. Of the 80+ miles of historic single-track trails identified by the BlueRibbon Coalition and local OHV enthusiasts during the planning process, the Forest only designated 5 miles as single-track motorcycle trails.
Historic and Legal Single-Track Motorcycle Trail Closed in
Six Rivers NF 2010 TMR Decision
During those early planning efforts, agency representatives promised the OHV community that once these initial “foundational” route networks were established and codified that they would work with the users to either bring some of these historic single-track opportunities “back onto the system” or construct new engineered single-track system trails.
Another factor that has contributed to the significant loss of single-track motorcycle trails is the conversion of said routes by illegal ATV use. By definition, a trail is a route 50 inches or less in width (used by ATVs, motorcycles, or narrow SxSs) or a route over 50 inches wide that is identified and managed as a trail (36 CFR 212.1) for larger OHVs such as jeep-type vehicles and full-size SxSs. Motorcycle-only single-track trails are generally 24 inches or less in width. ATVs are not allowed on motorcycle-only trails.
Vehicle Width Restrictor on Motorcycle Only Trail
Tahoe National Forest
Also, many of the “road-based” single-track trails which have evolved over time to provide a high-quality single-track experience are often obliterated by bulldozers during the initial attack on a wildfire or by reconstruction of the road to extract resources. That single-track experience can be lost for several generations.
Agency commitment to post TMR project level trail planning varies greatly from Region to Region, Forest to Forest, and Ranger District to Ranger District. It is my experience that commitment is largely based on unit culture and personnel.
Replacement of lost single track experience on a unit should be part of the discussion between agency staff and affected stakeholders. Retention of single- track dirt-bike trails is no different than keeping single-track hiking, equestrian, and mountain-bike trails.
New single-track construction vehicles such as the Single Track ST240 appear to be a cost-effective way to reconstruct existing road-based single-trail trails or to construct new trails. In fact, some Forests are already using it on single-track trail projects.
Work-type motorcycles such as the Rokon can be used to ferry in trail supplies such as rock, tread blocks, and power tools for volunteer work parties.
Rokon Hauling Tread Block in OR State Forest
Concepts such as the construction of new “companion-trails” along existing road-based ATV and 4WD trails to separate vehicle types for safety and an enhanced trail experience should be embraced by the agency and trail groups. I understand the Six Rivers National Forest is evaluating that very concept along Route 1.
Again, some of these ideas are already being considered and planned for on Forests with an OHV or trail-based recreation background. The challenge will be for trail enthusiasts to engage with Forest Service staff on units where a substantive trail-based recreation program has never been established.
Designated Single-Track Motorcycle Trail
Tahoe National Forest
The cost of the specialized trail equipment could make it hard for a Forest with a new trail program to justify purchasing a trail tractor or other piece of specialized equipment. The Regional Office might have a role in coordinating existing trail specialists to help units enhance new trail opportunities or bolster the trail work force on other Forests so that routes can be worked during optimum soil moisture conditions.
I believe with leadership and support at the Regional and Forest level that users can partner with agency staff, other stakeholder groups, local government officials, and states with grant funding sources to plan for and implement high-quality trail programs for all vehicle types including motorcycle trails for the single-track enthusiasts.
Single-track motorcycle fans should also consider joining national trail advocacy organizations such as the BlueRibbon Coalition and their state and local clubs. Being engaged on all fronts is the most effective strategy in the preservation of the OHV trail experience.
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AMA Vanishing Trails (pages 24-25)
Black Hills NF Gets Single Track Dozer
Single Track ST240
TV Story on ST240 and Single Track in OR
Rokon Work Motorcycle